Migrants held hostage to politics

Woman rescued in the Mediterranean sea

At a time when global displacement is at a record high, the Italian government recently held its own coast guard and the people it had rescued hostage ‘in a cynical gambit to force other European Union countries to take the migrants and asylum seekers.Human rights Watch. 

There are currently 68.5 million people that have been forcibly displaced worldwide. Most of the worlds 25 million refugees come from three countries, Syria, Afghanistan and South Sudan. 

crew member bringing a child on board the Dicioti
Image: Luca Catalano Gonzaga

Italian Coast Guard

Luca Catalano Gonzaga founded Witness Image which combines photography and journalism to document stories around the world where people have experienced conflict, poverty and natural disasters. Gonzago has previously been awarded a CARE International for Humanitarian Reportage award for coverage on child labour in Nepal.

In 2016  Gonzaga took to the Libyan waters, north of Sabratha, on the Italian Coast Guard ship Ubaldo Diciotti and witnessed its operations at sea. Gonzaga returned in 2017, capturing part of the migratory flow in the Mediterranean. Alongside the crew of the Diciotti, as they negotiate the risks involved with rescue operations. Recovering the dead and aiding the injured affects rescue workers in different ways and the crew of the Dicotti has been exposed to unimaginable hardships in the course of their work.

International Maritime law states that all vessels have a ‘legal obligation to assist boats in distress’.MSF Since its launch, the Diciotti and its crew of sixty have saved more than 15.000 migrants. The ship can accommodate more than 600 migrants. On a daily basis, it has been conducting several rescue operations. In addition to rescue missions, the crew carries out anti-pollution missions in defense of the marine environment.

Luca Catalano Gonzaga image of Coast gaurd approaching a raft full of migrants
Image: Luca Catalano Gonzaga
Coast guard and rescued child
Image:Luca Catalano Gonzaga

 

Image: Luca Catalano Gonzaga

 

Mediteranean Sea, Italy, rescue by crew of Italian coast guard
Image: Luca Catalano Gonzaga

Mediterranean Sea

 

“A mass grave is being created in the Mediterranean Sea. Faced with thousands of desperate people fleeing wars and crises, Europe has closed its borders, forcing people in search of protection to risk their lives and die at sea. There is no more time to think, these lives must be saved now.”

LORIS DE FILIPPIPRESIDENT OF MÉDECINS SANS FRONTIÈRES/DOCTORS WITHOUT BORDERS (MSF) ITALY

Médecins Sans Frontières/ Doctors Without Borders is an international humanitarian medical non-governmental organisation that has also been operating in the Mediterranean sea. MSF teams save people’s lives in conflict zones, natural disasters and epidemics around the world. Non-governmental organisations account for a minority of search and rescue operations in the Central Mediterranean. MSF search and rescue operations are coordinated by the Maritime Rescue Coordination Center (MRCC) in Rome.

‘The main ports of arrival between January and April 2018 are those in Sicily (Augusta, Catania, Pozzallo, Lampedusa and Trapani).’ IOM MIXED MIGRATION FLOWS IN THE MEDITERRANEAN  April 2018

EU assets, the Italian Coast Guard, commercial vessels and other actors are involved in these operations in order to save lives. Essentially,  rescue coordination is handled by the Italian Coast Guard Maritime Rescue Coordination Centre (MRCC) in Rome. Rescue ships receiving migrants on board is one part of the rescue phase.

Once aboard people are given thermal blankets, basic essentials and medical teams conduct health and safety screenings which are considered the second phase of the rescue operation. Following these stages, it is customary for the Italian Coast Guard operations center to tell a ship the port at which it is to dock. The choice of a port is made by the Italian Interior Ministry, which is responsible for handling the distribution of migrants arriving on Italian soil.

‘By the end of April 2018, total of 9,467 migrants were reported to have arrived in Italy by sea in 2018. This is a 75 per cent decrease in comparison to the same period in 2017’ IOM MIXED MIGRATION FLOWS IN THE MEDITERRANEAN April 2018

Diciotti August 2018

The Italian government recently held its own coast guard and the people it had rescued hostage ‘in a cynical gambit to force other European Union countries to take the migrants and asylum seekers.Human rights Watch.

Roughly 29 unaccompanied children were amongst the 177 rescued migrants plunged into a waiting game as the ship floated in limbo before receiving permission to dock in Sicily. The absurdity did not end there, as an Italian government representative decided to insist on ‘pledges from European countries to take all of them before allowing them to leave the ship’.Human rights Watch Actions that further delayed people’s access to medical care after surviving journeys from Eritrea and Somalia. 

 

Migrants stand on the deck of the Italian Coast Guard ship Diciotti, moored at the Catania harbor, Tuesday, Aug. 21, 2018. © 2018 AP Photo/Salvatore Cavalli

Human Rights

Human Rights Watch suggests that keeping people

‘on board the ship is inhumane. It unjustifiably delays their access to medical and psychological attention and thwarts their right to seek asylum. It may also, as suggested by Italy’s own independent guarantor of the rights of detained people, constitute unlawful deprivation of their liberty in violation of Italy’s Constitution and the European Convention on Human Rights.’HRW

Migrants were finally released from the ship, and an Italian government representative has been placed under formal investigation for illegal arrest, illegal confinement and abuse of office.

 A migrant is helped by Red Cross members after disembarking from Italian coast guard vessel

What a difference it would make if we used a way to communicate the right organisations and expertise for the refugees to contact, so they knew where to go and who to alert that they were coming. In addition, to the skills they brought and what their aspirations were if given the chance of asylum in a new host country?

Ideally, this exchange could be happening by SMS or online before their journey but indeed it would have huge value as a two-sided information dialogue process at any point.  Migration is a last resort – Displaced is a circumstance NOT an identity!

We all need to find ways to incorporate legally and productively all individuals that seek to participate and engage with host countries and that starts with a way that host authorities and policymakers can listen vis near real-time datasets and visualisations to the reality of the human beings behind the label “migrant” “refugee” “asylum seeker”.  

We need to engage with issues of migration and integration in a way that  the displaced persons’ historical, current and aspirational contexts easily and efficiently can be understood and facilitated and for each displaced person to be referred safely and securely directly to only those relevant from amongst the many organisations that can advise and support them competently.  

In the answer to the status quo, we hope to develop the MyInform Service to do just that.

Read More

MyInform Service

Human rights Watch

Witness Image

Médecins Sans Frontières

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