Over 4 million people have been displaced and seven million are in urgent need of assistance by humanitarian organisations since South Sudan’s independence. Rehana Zawar Country Director for the Norwegian Refugee Council calls for the recent peace deal to deliver real change.
“Lasting peace is needed to prevent the humanitarian situation from worsening. Safe and unhindered access is needed for life-saving assistance to be delivered effectively. We urge all parties to respect the ceasefire, protect civilians and ensure humanitarian organisations are able to carry out their life-saving work,’’ Rehana Zawar
Due to the continued insecurity, displaced people are prevented from returning home. People who have fled as a result of the conflict. Currently, two hundred thousand people receive protection in UN bases. Communities that are too afraid to live in towns and villages.
Consequences of displacement
Food insecurity has arisen as a consequence of fighting and displacement. Producing food depends on farmers ability to access and maintain their crops and land. In addition to being able to maintain their livestock. Despite farmers navigating these issues, transporting crops and other goods is hindered by road conditions and insecurity. Economic changes also directly affect food insecurity. Inflation and the prices of goods directly affect people’s ability to purchase them.
Humanitarian organisations such as the Norwegian Refugee Council, World Food Programme (WFP) United Nations Children’s Fund (UNICEF)Amnesty International and the International Organisation of Migration (IOM) are all working to create change in South Sudan. In order to work in effective and safe ways, they need access to the populations directly affected by conflict. Their work is regularly hindered by issues with insecurity and the denial of access. South Sudan is also considered as one of the
‘most dangerous places in the world to be a humanitarian with over 100 aid workers killed since 2013. With organisations facing continued restrictions and conflict causing many areas to be inaccessible, the humanitarian needs will continue to grow.’ NRC
Insecurity of Aid Workers
An example would be ten aid workers who were detained by an armed opposition group near Yei, Central Equatoria in April. Staff from organisations such as UNOCHA, UNICEF, South Sudanese Development Organisation, (SSDO), ACROSS, Plan International and Action Africa Help (AAH). Despite being returned safely and in good health, these workers did not know the outcome while being held. They face constant insecurity in South Sudan as they risk their lives to help displaced people.